Tipi di preghiera: lode, richiesta e ringraziamento

In this text we will get acquainted with the three main types of prayer: praise, request and thanksgiving, with their distinctive characteristics.

Unità Età : 9-11

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Una preghiera di lode:

I will exalt you, my God and sovereign and bless your name forever.

Every day I will bless you and praise your name forever.

Great is Adonai and very exalted; the greatness of God cannot be explored.

Each generation will praise Your works and declare Your mighty acts.

(from the Ashrè prayer)

אֲרומִמְךָ אֱלוהַי הַמֶּלֶךְ. וַאֲבָרְכָה שִׁמְךָ לְעולָם וָעד
בְּכָל יום אֲבָרְכֶךָּ. וַאֲהַלְלָה שִׁמְךָ לְעולָם וָעֶד:
גָּדול ה ‘וּמְהֻלָּל מְאד. וְלִגְדֻלָּתו אֵין חֵקֶר:
דּור לְדור יְשַׁבַּח מַעֲשיךָ. וּגְבוּרתֶיךָ יַגִּידוּ:

Una preghiera di richiesta:

Bless this year and all its products for the good of us, and grant dew and rain of blessing on the face of the earth (from the Blessing of the years of Amidà)

בָּרֵךְ עָלֵינוּ ה ‘אֱלהֵינוּ אֶת הַשָּׁנָה הַזּאת. וְאֶת כָּל מִינֵי תְבוּאָתָהּ לְטובָה. וְתֵן טַל וּמָטָר לִבְרָכָה עַל כָּל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה 

Una preghiera di ringraziamento:

I am grateful / grateful in front of You, the living and eternal Sovereign that you have returned my soul to me with compassion. Great is Your fidelity.

מוֹדֶה (מוֹדָה the women say) אֲנִי לְפָנֶֽיךָ מֶֽלֶךְ חַי וְקַיָּים. שֶׁהֶֽחֱזַֽרְתָּ בִּי נִשְׁמָתִי בְחֶמְלָה. רַבָּה אֱמֽוּנָתֶֽךָ

ndamentali per la programmazione

domande essenziali

  • How do Jewish practices reflect Jewish values?
  • How does prayer serve as a tool to help us access a connection with God?

domande di contenuto collegate alle domande essenziali

  • How do prayers reflect personal and collective / national needs?
  • How can prayers affect the way we look at the world?
  • What influence do prayers have on the person saying them?
  • How do prayers teach us about the importance of appreciation?

background per l’insegnante

In the Jewish tradition, prayers usually fall into three main types: request, praise and thanksgiving. Each type of prayer has unique characteristics and distinct goals. In this unit we present an example of prayer for each type. We will examine two of these prayers...

leggi ancora

In the Jewish tradition, prayers usually fall into three main types: request, praise and thanksgiving. Each type of prayer has unique characteristics and distinct goals. In this unit we present an example of prayer for each type. We will examine two of these prayers – Modè Anì and all Amidà in depth in the other resources.

Praise Prayers : These prayers address God praising Him for divine deeds in the world. The person who recites the prayer names the things God does in the world and praises God for how he treats human beings in general and, specifically, himself. Typical expressions include baruch – blessed, hallelu-yà , praise God, istabach – may God be praised and other expressions of praise (glorified, praised, magnified, exalted, and so on).

The passage from Ashrè’s prayer is used here as an example of a prayer of praise. This prayer is recited twice a day, during the Shachrit service (morning) and again in the Minchà prayer (afternoon). It is based on a chapter of the Psalms, combined with verses from another chapter. The prayer is written in the Hebrew alphabetical order (although the letter nun is missing ), and could be seen as an attempt by the author to praise God “from A to Z,” so to speak.

Preghiere di richiesta: in queste preghiere chiediamo a Dio di fare o di dare qualcosa. Sono comprese diversi tipi di richiesta, come la salute, il sostentamento e il successo. Tra le espressioni tipiche troviamo yehì ratzòn – che sia la volontà di Dio e na e ana, che significno entrambi “per favore”. La preghiera per la pioggi, che entra a far parte delle Benedizioni degli anni, viene usata in questa unità come esempio di preghiera e di supplica. La preghiera nel formato che compare qui viene recitata dal 7 del mese di Cheshvan fino a Pessach (la stagione delle piogge in Israele). Da Pesach fino al 7 di Cheshvan (la stagione secca) la formulazione cambia, diventa “concedi una benedizione”.

Prayers of Thanksgiving: In these prayers we thank God for actions towards humans. Prayer can refer to a personal event, such as recovering from an illness or childbirth. Other types of prayers are more general and reflect appreciation for all the good in a person’s life. Among the typical expressions we find modè / modà – thank you, nodè – thank you, modim – we thank, lehodot – thank. In this unit, the Modè / Modà Anì prayer, which is the first prayer that is said in the morning, is used as an example of a prayer of thanksgiving.

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  • Place three circles or pieces of paper on the floor with the words request, thanks, praise. Pass a box of pieces of paper around the room with expressions typical of the different types of prayer written on it (for example, please, give, grant, praise, thank, thank you, etc.). Each student will take a piece of paper and place themselves on the circle appropriate to the expression they received. Ask students to read aloud what is written on their piece of paper and to compose a sentence or prayer that includes that phrase.
    Finish the activity by explaining the general character of each circle (each type of prayer) and note that the siddur prayers can also be divided into these three types.

Ashrei

  1. Ashrei is a prayer of praise to God. Name some of the expressions of the prayer that convey the message of praise.
  2. We also make comments on other people who convey praise. Why do you think it is important to express praise?
  3. How do you feel when someone praises you (be specific – “I feel …”)

For older students:

  1. Look at the first letter of each line of the Hebrew prayer and find out what order the prayer follows.
  2. What connection do you think there is between the alphabetical order of the verses (an acrostic) and praise to God?
  3. It is safe to assume that God does not really need our praise. Why, then, did the Sages think it was important to praise God every day in our prayers? How does praising God affect the person saying the prayers?

Prayer for the dew and the earth

  1. Why is rain so important to us?
  2. Nella preghiera, chiediamo “rugiada e pioggia come benedizione”. Quando la pioggia è una benedizione e quando non lo è?

Per studenti più grandi:

  1. Per quali altri argomenti collegati alla natura preghiamo?
  2. Questa preghiera non si recita durante la stagione asciutta in Israele. Prova a spiegare perché no, e che cosa ci dice sulla preghiera in generale.
  3. Nella preghiera si chiede la pioggia in Israele, ma anche gli Ebrei che vivono fuori da Israele la dicono seguendo la stagione in Israele. Perché pensi che  lo facciano?

Modè/Modà Ani

  1. In questa preghiera ringraziamo per esserci svegliati di mattina. Perché pensi che bisogni dire una preghiera per un evento così naturale e quotidiano?
  2. Per che cosa vorresti dire grazie di mattina?
  • In class, make yourself a “prayer tree” (you can draw a tree on a poster or bring a real plant to class). Each student will write a request, thank you or praise on pieces of paper. They can address the message to whomever they prefer – to God, to nature, or to a particular person. Use a different color for the different types of tickets. Attach the prayers to the tree. Ask students if they would like to add something about their prayer and explain why they wanted to do it.
    For Older Students: Prayers can teach us the importance of thanksgiving, supplications / requests, and praise in our daily life.
  • Divide the class into three groups:
    One group will think of people in school or in the community who deserve praise. The second group will think of people or things in school or community for which they are grateful. The third group will think about things that are missing in school and ask them. Each group will need to find a way to express praise, appreciation, or request (for example, a gift, a picture card, a poster or sign, letters, and so on). They will present their work to the class and explain why it was important for them to express their message in this particular way.
  • Show students  model or draw the three axes on the board, and then ask them to copy them onto a sheet of paper and position themselves across each axis:
    I express praise a lot —————————————- – I do not express praise at all
    I say a lot “thank you” ————————————— — I don’t say “thank you” at all
    I ask for many things ————————————– —– I don’t ask for things at all . If the students have computers, you can also do this activity digitally, like in poll .
    You can ask students who wish to share with others where they are positioned on the different axes (in pairs or with the whole class). It will be interesting to see the different responses of the students.
    Discussion: Why is it important to know how to express thanks, praise and requests? Would you like to change your position on one of the axes? Because?
  • Study all the prayers and how they are recited: Modeh / Modah Ani in a musical version , Ashrei (and here put to music ), and the prayer for  dew and rain .
  • Thoroughly study Modeh / Modah Ani prayer (age 6-8 years).
  • Study Birchot Ha-Shachar – Morning Blessings, which are prayers of praise that are said every morning.
  • If prayer is taking place in class, you can interrupt it from time to time and ask to place the prayers in the three different categories.
  • In addition to the siddur prayers, there are also songs that you can play and attribute to one of the three types of prayer. For example, the Halleluyah song is of praise to God; the song Todah expresses thanks, while the song  Lu Yehi expresses a plea or request.
    For older students: You can ask students to search for songs in their language that express thanks, praise (to God or nature), and requests.